Difference between revisions of "Hand tool"
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Revision as of 09:39, 11 February 2008
- 90 degree cranked
See Scissors article for information on
- Household scissors
- Wallpaper scissors
- Bone scissors
- Craft scissors
- Children's scissors
- Nail scissors
- Holds a set of hex shanked screwdriver bits
- Small pocket sized one is handy
- Not to be confused with swmbo
Measuring & Marking
- More accurate than fibreglass
- Steel tape breaks eventually
- Stiff springy tape
- Popular & cheap
- Floppy tape
- Tape is not perfectl dimensionally stable, so small inaccuracies may occur
- Long lived
Steel, aluminium, wood, plastic
Pen & Pencil
- For transferring & copying angles
- When using a bevel for repeat angles in construction, it can move, ruining workpieces. Draw round it when the angle has been taken, and check the bevel against this drawing before it is used on each workpiece.
- 90 degree tool that overlaps the edge of workpiece
- fastest way to mark an exact line across timber
- plastic, aluminium or wood.
- rigid or folding
- Yard long ruler
See Tapes for a full list of the numerous types of tape & their uses in DIY & construction. These include:
- Insulating - pvc
- Building - fairly tough, rippable
- Cellophane - minimum cost low performance tape
- Duct Tape - reinforced tape for most jobs except ducting
- Foil tape
- Amalgamating tape
- Friction tape
- Wall tape - crack repair tape
- Clear waterproof tape - repairs to glass & plastic cracks.
- Paper tape - tapes over PB joints before painting for a low cost non-filled job.
- Plasterboard tape - an open mesh tape
& many more
Long nosed Pliers
Pliers for use in very confined spaces
Pliers for fitting and removing circlips
Round nosed Pliers
Type of wirecutting pliers
- Hammer, wire cutter and tensioner in one
- Slotted hinge mechanism allows large sizes to be gripped
- Not often found in DIY use, but give much better performance than standard pliers.
See Knives for more info
- Tough general purpose DIY knife
- More popular for self defence in its earlier days
- Lightweight plastic knife with snapoff blade
- 9mm & 18m blades
The forerunner of the above knife types, these are no longer popular for DIY use.
These are small knives sometimes used in DIY, but more popular for craft use. The handles look a bit like a writing pen, and the blades used are scalpel blades and other blades of a similar size.
- Many blade shapes are available.
- X-Acto is another trade mark that has fallen into general usage
- More used for DIY surgery than house maintance.
- Useful for removing splinters
- Can be useful for appliance repairs
- score or cut into soft materials such as lino & vinyl tiles
- Not much use for other DIY tasks, very little cutting power.
- Finds any angle with card & a pin.
- Much more versatile than spirit level
- weight on string
- accurately indicates the vertical
- Decorator's brushes are widely available in sizes from 0.5" to 6"
- Brushes several feet wide are occasionally seen in use for exterior painting
- The worst ones are identified by pulling on the bristles to see if some come out.
- For fine detail
- for tight access
- For touchup jobs
A thicker brush for bulk application of thin paints, eg some lime paints & wood preservatives.
- Carrying a small amount of paint is less fatiguing and
- Reduces magnitude of spills
- Paint removal
- stock removal
- Wet & dry for wet use
- dense particles for hand sanding
- lower particle density for power sanding avoid clog
- use with sandpaper to apply an even pressure and help achieve a flatter result
- wood or foam
- Paint removal
- Often blunt when bought. Sharpening them makes them work!
- Hand held plastic strip to keep paint off other items, eg carpet
- faster coverage than brush
- better quality finish
- overspray is a real problem, everything must be masked
Paint Roller, Tray & Sleeves
- Faster cover than brushes
- Rollers tend to produce some amount of overspray
- shorthair rollers for flat smooth surfaces
- longhair rollers for rough surfaces
- ridged rollers for patterning
- For masonry
- Shapes pointing
- Clears holes drilled in masonry
- Quick, easy and avoids a face/eye full of brick dust.
- rectangular tool for smoothing
- general purpose float
- for cement render, gypsum plaster, etc
- used mainly with lime plaster
- draws fat to the surface less than steel
- textured surface
- small handheld platform for mixed plaster
- detailing, ribbon work & decorative work
- right angle trowels for internal & external corners
Many tools used in woodwork are in other headings. This section is for tools not generally used in other areas of DIY.
- dont use them as a lever - or if you do, keep some separate ones for this kind of rough work.
- Pics of various types
- smoothing, flattening & stock removal of wood & non-brittle plastics
- Planes typically need sharpening and setting up before use
- Marks wood for drilling
- Loosens rope knots
- drills a shallow hole for a screw head
- several patterns available
- large drill bit makes a basic substitute
- Use to transfer profiles from one item to another or to paper
- A row of lots of pins held in place by friction
- Not often used since cordless drills became popular
- Allow much finer control than mains electric drills
- Relatively slow
- Pattern of top handle is the main difference seen among hand drills, and this affects stability in use
- Very old hand drills may have types of chuck rarely seen today, eg a 2 jaw chuck.
- most have a quarter inch chuck
- Produces moulded timber profiles
- Now replaced by routers & spindle moulders
- Type of hand drill
- Top end of drill designed to be pressed against the chest in use
- This stabilises the drill, and allows more force to be applied
- Another type of drill
- A very short plane for use on curved surfaces and in restricted spaces
- Designed for trimming wooden wheel spokes
- Coarse file for wood stock removal
- Bow saw
- Coping saw
- Crosscut saw
- Japanese saw
- Hand saw
- Japanese saw
- Keyhole saw
- Mitre saw
- Plywood saw
- Rip saw
- Saw set
- Two-man saw
more woodwork hand tools:
Bench hook Bow drill Broadaxe Card scraper Japanese chisel Drawknife F-clamp Framing hammer Froe Gimlet Gouge Gripe (tool) Hatchet Mitre box Pole lathe Robertson screwdriver Sanding block Scratch stock Sharpening jig Sharpening stone Shooting board Slick (tool) Staple gun Upholstery hammer Vise (tool)
- Most popular hammer
- general purpose hammer
- Nail pulling claws on one side
- Various weights, with 12oz - 16oz being most popular
Cross pein hammer
- one flat face, one cold chisel face
- lighter hammer, 4oz & 8oz typical weights
- for driving pins & small nails
- easier to use & more precise than a claw hammer
- limited hitting force available
Ball pein hammer
- One rounded striking face, one flat
- medium heavy hammer
- 2 flat faces
- 1kg & 4lb are common sizes
- Very heavy hammer
- Long handle for maximum swing
- designed for serious violence, eg concrete breaking
Dead blow hammer
- No rebound
- Hollow head contains shot
(non sparking) hammer
- copper faced hammer does not produce sparks
- Breaks bricks cleanly
- Replaceable toolface
- Inserting fence posts
- softest mallet
- light duty hitting where no dent may be left
- similar to rubber mallet but not as soft
- for moving loose material
- for digging
- Stainless steel gives less friction
- Stainless steel gives less friction
- Dyson's original ballbarrows are much less likely to sink into mud, giving much easier ride on wet soil, but they're no longer made.
- plastic, nothing like as robust as metal barrows
- ideal for gardening
- Enables one person to carry 8x4 sheets
- separate aggregate of differing sizes
- remove clumps from cat litter
- Power sieves are useful for large quantities
- Good idea to keep separate cutters for steel wire and copper wire, as iron & steel wires damage cutters.
- Sheet metal cutting scissors
- designed for thin sheet only
- Uncomfortable & difficult with anything thicker
- cuts straight lines
- mostly useful for fabrication
- A much improved design of sheet metal cutter.
- greater cutting force
- greater comfort
- causes more distortion to the workpiece
- mostly useful for dismantling
- Any of a number of designs of wirestripper
- wood chopping
- Designed for butchers, these make a good small axe for trimming small trees and general gardening.
- Add some red paint if you want to keep the neighbours away.
- Heaviest of all hand cutters
- Cut rebar, brass locks, bolts, threaded rod, small bar, chain
- Will not cut hardened steel
- Cut tiles.
Pipe cutter - wheel type
- ring turn, eg Monument
- for copper pipe
Pipe cutter - pvc chopper type
- fast cutting of pvc pipe
- drives nuts & bolts with hex head.
- Ring spanner
- Open ended Spanner
- drives one way
Half Moon Spanner
- Crescent shaped spanners
- For some difficult access jobs
Self Adjusting Spanners
- saves carrying many spanners
- performance poor compared to fixed size spanners
- Jaws close on workpiece
- battery powered
- avoids need for 2nd hand in use
- drive nuts & bolts with hex head.
- generally more torque & control than spanners
- can drive recessed items
- come with any of several drive sizes:
- 1/4" - for very light duty work eg appliance case screws
- 1/2" - good for general purpose use
- 3/4" - good for heavy duty work, eg washing machine bearings and tougher items on cars
- 1" - industrial duty
- see also torque wrench
- The type manufactured for socket sets gives increased torque.
- Hollow tube fitted over hand tools is famed in industry for assorted safety risks.
- Dents metal to prevent wander while starting to drill a hole
Automatic Centre punch
- Just press, a hammering mechanism is built in.
- various sizes
- rat's tail file
- different teeth size for different materialsworkpieces
More hand tools: C-clamp Combination square Die grinder Drift pin F-clamp Hand scraper Machinist square Magnetic base Rotary tool Scriber Tongs Tube & pipe benders Vise (tool)
Oil filter wrench
- Various types
- set of fingers driven by socket bar.
One of the more popular types of hydraulic jack
Other hydralic one used in garages
2 concentric screws, forerunner of the hydraulic bottle jack, not sure of correct name
A very popular DIYer's jack.
Minimum cost jack often supplied with vehicle. The quickest way to remove old unwanted jacking points.
- This is a large bag that connects to the exhaust.
- Exhaust gases inflate the bag, lifting the vehicle up.
- Used where ground is too soft for other types of jack, such as desert use. The only useful jack for these situations.
- Basic 1 piece ladder
- Allows ladder to be collapsed to a little more than half its length
- Normal configuration for longer ladders
- For long ladders
- Lightweight ladder enables safer use on rooftops
- Use of heavier ladders is inadvisable for roofing, as they can unbalance the user, with potentially very serious results.
- Telescopic action enables small ladders to compact to very small storage size
- Ideal for carrying in the boot of a car
- aka surveyor's ladder
- 3 ladder sections that can be joined in various ways to make:
- straight ladder in 1, 2 or 3 sections
- Step ladder
- work platform
- work platform with different height legs for stair work
- Scaffolding tower, usually free standing
- May be on lockable castors
- Stability depends on construction type
- Should always be set up by an expert
More... yet to be put under the right headings
- Used as a substitute for a torque wrench
- 15lbs at 1 foot gives 15 lbfoot, 15lbs at 2' gives 30lbft.
- Garden trimming
- Makes bulb planting very quick
- pointed stick with handle
- highly accurate measurement of small distances
- smoothing & material removal
- different grit densities for different purposes
- high density for hand sanding, low density avoids clogging with power tools
- Small mirror on stick enables seeing into unseeable places
- Strips of mirror out of dead scanners can also be used
aka Drop lamp
- hand held lamp designed to use up your stock of spare mains bulbs
- attaches crimp connectors to cables, but the connection is invariably weak & inadequte
- attaches crimp connectors to cables properly
Magnet on string
- Retrieve objects dropped in voids
- Threading wires through otherwise inaccessible voids, eg under floor, within walls
- Records damage or other issues before a job starts
- A simple way to enable near identical reassembly of complex items
- to call an ambulance!
- waistbelt with loops & pockets to hold tools
- saves having to keep picking tools up
- very useful up a ladder
- Reduces the cost of Darwin Awards
- Protect eyes
Direct vent goggles
- suitable for nuisance dusts only
- have many tiny holes in sides for ventilation
- Using these with angle grinders causes many eye injuries
Indirect vent goggles
- suitable for potential eye injury situations, such as angle grinders
- Have a plastic insert providing a zigzag path for ventilation airflow, thus preventing flying particles entering.
- Several types available
- foam rubber in-ear
- headphone style
- active noise cancellers
- One sheet in each ear reduces noise levels
- not a BS approved ear defender system
- spectrum unmapped & reduction unspecified
- the budget toolbag
- Plastic or cloth sheets for keeping dust & paint off floors, furniture, woodwork, etc
- used as dust sheet
1st aid kit
- Shaping & smoothing tool for silicone sealant & similar
- Used with pipe bending spring or sand to bend copper pipe
Storage cases for small parts
- Wide range of qualities available
- Most are not suitable for some types of dust
- Budget masks are for nontoxic nuisance dusts only, and reduce rather than prevent dust ingress
- Straight rubber edge pushes grout between tiles while wiping it off the tile fronts.
Metal, wire & stud detector
- Beware of faulty ones that don't go off when pointed at yourself!
- For hazardous substances
- Prevents personal contamination
- A hammer driven screwdriver
- The power tool of the same name is something different
Hot gloog gun
- Bodger's special
- Used with a circular saw
- Enables greater accuracy
Mitre saw, hand type
- Guide frame to enable accurate angles to be cut in wood etc
Tray & towels
- For catching water spilt from CH
For de-flooding house after CH work.
- freezes pipes to enable plumbing. If quick.
- Tube with hexagonal end to drives nuts.
- Turned by a bar inserted through holes in the tube
- US usage of the term is different.
Letter punch & Number punches
- Stamps text into metals
- Cuts asbestos cement sheet.
- Not suitable for modern sheet replacements for asbestos.
- tiny screwdrivers
- For repairing small appliances
Hex bit Screwdriver
- screwdriver wth standardised interchangeable bits
- more robust & versatile than conventional screwdriver
- Soldering plumbing
- Applying unmodified flat roofing felt in winter
- may mean a battery light or gas flame
For sharpening Very large grindstones on broom handles were formerly used for terrazzo. Thank god for power tools.
- cuts tiles
- Removes nails
- Various patterns available
- Breaking up hard & stony soil
- set of slips of very thin steel
- measures tiny gaps
- Garden clearance
- Garden clearance
- Multifunction Joinery tool