sitdelz For a general and scholarly article about Adhesives see Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adhesives
Adhesives By Purpose
see Wood glues
Plastics - PVC, ABS
- Solvent glues
- Household gloss paint will glue pvc
Plastics - hard
Plastics - polyethylene, nylon
- no glue can stick these directly
- flamed polythene and nylon can be glued
- melting the surfaces together also works, if both materials being joined are the same substance.
- Latex, eg Copydex
Paper & Card
- Glue sticks (eg Pritt-stick) (PVA or PVP)
- Spray-type photo fixing etc
- Wallpaper paste
- Red hermetite
to consolidate & stabilise loose plaster:
- dilute PVA
Adhesives By Type
2 part epoxy ("Araldite" etc)
- chemical resistant.
- Some types are heat resistant, some not. The ones that aren't may claim they are on the basis that they survive heat, even if they do lose all strength when hot.
- Car accessory shops sell tougher epoxies than Araldite.
- Available as liquid resin tubes, putty sticks, or in standard building cartridges with automatic mixing nozzles.
- The quick setting types are much weaker
- Heating the mix (in tinfoil on a low ring) until runny makes it set very much faster. Don't overheat it.
- vulnerable to uv
- Almost instant setting
- Handy for creating structures where glue needs to set at each stage before the next can be glued
- not the strongest most durable glue
- Most common hot melt glue stick chemistry is amorphous polypropylene plus tackifiers and fillers. Several other chemistries also exist.
- Polyethylene requires temperatures above those of standard retail glue guns to work, if you put polythene in an ordinary glue gun it will just soften enough to block it.
- Low melting point glues and guns are also available. Often used by kids due to nearly instant setting.
PVA has a wide range of uses in building and DIY.
- There are White and yellow types of PVA
- A good general purpose wood glue
- Reduces permeability of cement mortar & increases adhesion
- Use as a plaster size
- softens when wet
- Exterior grade PVAs available, but are not waterproof
- Not suitable for woodwork where failure could cause injury, eg chairs, beds ets.
Acrylic mastic type
(e.g. "solvent-free Gripfill/No-more-nails/etc")
Caulk is a flexible acrylic formula
Paint sticks to caulk
Solvent based building adhesives
"Sticks like SH!T" etc
- sticks a wide range of materials
- used in fibreglass work
- used to fill damaged exterior woodwork, eg sash windows
- available in clear or colours
- car body filler is polyester resin plus fillers
- Silicone Sealant is a satisfactory glue in shear, but has little strength in tension.
- Silicone is used to glue glass aquaria together, but this is a tougher formula than builders' silicone sealant.
- Building silicones are RTV, room temperature vulcanised.
- There are several types of silicone
- For more information see Silicone Sealant
Solvent based cements are plastics dissolved in a solvent. These cements, and solvents alone, are used to glue soluble plastics.
- perspex in acetone glue is used to glue acrylic, aka perspex.
- Solvent weld is used to glue PVC pipe and trunking
- Cement based most popular
See BAL Adhesives guide for information on different types
how long will it store once mixed?
- Glue for wallpaper, card & paper.
- To make starch glue, boil some starch (eg flour, oats, etc) until it changes from white to semi-clear. Add a little alum to prevent mould if you're not using it immediately.
- To make a starch gluestick, parboil a potato. Suitable for gluing paper, just wipe with the potato and press together. Will not store.
Adhesive Selector Grid
Which adhesive is best for any 2 given materials?
In the great majority of cases, to obtain a good bond surfaces should be prepared so they are:
- loose or flaky material removed
Sometimes adhesives need to be moulded.
Fugee & Fugenboy
Fillers are used in gapfilling adhesives to reduce cost. They do affect the adhesive properties to some extent.
Sand can be mixed into resin fillers to reduce cost, but the resulting mix is not sandable, so should only be used to fill below the final surface level.
Adding fillers does reduce final strength in most cases. For many filling tasks this is not a problem, but fillers should not be added to resin based fillers for blockwork, as this generally results in failure.
- Builder's merchants
- diy sheds
- car accessory shops
Book: 'On boat construction' by Gougeon Brothers is an expert guide to use of epoxies.
BAL Adhesives tables