racc4tlieltr Lamp lightbulb (not light fitting)
Fitting the appliance the lamp fits into, often informally called a lamp, eg tablelamp.
Luminaire same as fitting
CRI Colour rendering index. How well light renders colours. One measure of light quality. 100 is perfect CRI, 50 is poor. CRI is not the only determinant of colour rendition, CCT matters too.
CCT Colour temperature. A measure of light's perceived warmth or coldness. 3000K appears warm, 4500K appears cold, containing a higher percentage of blue light.
LED Light emitting Diode. A small low power solid state light source.
Lumen Quantity of light output
Cap the electrical connection end of a lamp.
BC Bayonet cap, push and twist connection
ES Edison screw cap
Efficacy output in lumens per watt. From a non-technical point of view can be considered as efficiency, although this is not strictly accurate.
GLS General Lighting Service, the traditional filament light bulb.
Rough service lamp Shock and vibration resistant filament lamp
CFL Compact Fluorescent Lamp.
LV Low Voltage
BL blacklight produces UVA and blue/violet light
BLB blacklight blue. Produces UVA only. The dark blue glass filters out nearly all the visible light.
Germicidal lamp produces short wavelength germicidal UV. Damaging to eyes, kills bacteria & erases eproms. Never use these in insect killers or for parties. See UVC.
Uplighter Fitting sending most light upwards
Plaster Uplighter Plaster half bowl uplighter. Suffers various design defects.
Downlighter fitting sending most light downwards
Spotlight reflector lamp throwing most light out over a limited arc, producing a pool of light
Floodlight produces a wide spread of light. Note some floodlights may look like spotlights, with a built in reflector.
Dimmer A device for reducing lamp output. A popular description is 'a device for turning down the efficieny of light bulbs.' Most dimmers are incompatible with most types of lighting other than filament & mains halogen.
Trough Fitting The lamp is partially enclosed in a trough which conceals it from view. The fitting is also concealed.
Capacitor Component used for power factor correction with magnetic ballasts.
Capacitor Ballast A type of ballast used to eliminate strobing in workshops. Capacitor ballasts generally produces shorter tube life in most cases
Halogen Lamp Type of filament lamp with better efficacy than traditional filament lamps. Contains bromine or iodine. Very high capsule temperature.
Sodium lamp Yellow lamps used for streetlighting
SES small edison screw, a miniature lamp base
E14 a miniature screw fitting lamp base
E27 27mm Screw in base, aka ES
E40 Giant screw base, used with some discharge lamps
Suntan Lamp Lamp producing high levels of UVA. Protective goggles must be used.
UVA, UVB, UVC The three frequency bands of ultraviolet. UVA is used for suntanning, blacklights and insect killers. Outdoor levels of UVA cause skin wrinkling and some cancers. UVB causes sunburn and cancers. UVC is germicidal and destructive to human tissue, and is not present in sunlight on earth. The wavelengths are approx:
- UVA: 320-400nm
- UVB: 290-320nm
- UVC: 200-290nm
- Around 2/3 of melanomas and 90% of basal and squamous cell skin cancers are currently attributed to UV exposure.
Warm White 2700K
T8, T12 T8 are 1" diameter fluorescent tubes, T12 are the older 1.5" diameter ones. T8s have mostly replaced T12s. T8s work happily in older T12 fittings.
PAR Parabolic Aluminised Reflector, spotlight.
HID High Intensity Discharge, aka metal halide lamp.